Z albumu z archiwalnymi zdjęciami

Z albumu z archiwalnymi zdjęciami zdjęcia dodał(a) HOLEDZIŃSKI vel ŻEROMSKI

Z albumu ze współczesnymi zdjęciami

Z albumu ze współczesnymi zdjęciami zdjęcia dodał(a) HOLEDZIŃSKI vel ŻEROMSKI

Kołdyczewo - wieś w rejonie baranowickim obwodu brzeskiego Białorusi. Dla tej miejscowości na stronie Radzima.net ma następujące dane:
- współrzędne geograficzne i lokalizowanie wsi Kołdyczewo na szczegółowej mapie z początku XX wieku i współczesnych mapach, a także na zdjęciach satelitarnych Google MapsKołdyczewo na mapie
- przynależność administracyjno-terytorialna w II Rzeczypospolitej, Republice Białorusi (2017);
- parafia prawosławna, do której należał(a) wieś Kołdyczewo na początku XX wieku
- parafia katolicka, do której należał(a) wieś Kołdyczewo na początku XX wieku
- what years the Metric books about the born, married and dead of this parish have survived;
- address of the Archive in which the metric books are stored;

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In 1939, the USSR took from Poland, what they had bitten off, but could not swallow. The Poles behaved disgustingly towards the Belarusians, so justice prevailed. odpowiedź
Monument to the victims of the Kaldycheva death camp The memorial in the village of Kaldycheva is dedicated to civilian victims who died in a concentration camp near the village. These victims included Jewish and Polish civilians, including Catholic priests, Roma and partizanes. The small village of Kaldycheva (bel. Калды́чэва) is located in the Baranovichi district in the west of modern Belarus. Between 1920 and 1939 this territory belonged to Poland. When the Soviet Union occupied Eastern Poland in September 1939, this territory became part of the Belarusian Soviet Republic. The entire Baranavichy district, including Kaldycheva, was occupied by the Wehrmacht at the end of June 1941 for three years before the liberation of the region during Operation Bagration on 30 June 1944.
At the end of 1941 in Kaldycheva in the former local aristocrat's estate was created a labor camp. The initiator of this was Valdemar Amelung, the commander of the Baranavichy SD-branch. First were the Soviet prisoners of war and communists from the Baranavichy and Stolbtsy prisons, later Jews from the ghettos of neighboring towns, mainly artisans serving German soldiers, as well as Roma, Polish and Belarusian civilians, Catholic priests and partizanes were gathered there.

In 1942, the camp became a death camp. The commander of the camp was Fritz Jörn, the SS Hauptscharführer, and the guards consisted of Belarusian collaborators from the 13th Auxiliary Assistance Battalion (Weissruthenische-Polizei SD-Bataillon nr 13), including Nikolai Bobko, Sergei Kаlko, and Sergei Khutyrchik. Jews were housed in former stables, some prisoners were kept in a specially built prison, as well as in maintenance buildings, and some sources mention that many prisoners were kept outdoors. The camp was fenced with barbed wire, surrounded by gun posts and constantly guarded by people and dogs. It is estimated that up to 10,000 people were permanently present in the camp, carrying out heavy forced labour in peat fields or craft workshops. Prisoners in the camp were required to wear differentiating marks to indicate their nationality. Several thousand prisoners were killed here at firing ranges in the surrounding areas (Mihnowschina, Pagarelcy, Arabowschyna), and in 1944 a train with Jews was sent to Auschwitz. According to the memories of eyewitnesses, several Roma camps were also shot in the camp.

There was a small Jewish resistance group in the camp, organized by Schlomo Kushnir, and with their help 93 Jewish prisoners escaped on March 17, 1944. 24 of them were arrested again, including Kushnir, who committed suicide, but 75 fled and joined the Jewish guerrilla group of the Belski brothers. At the end of June 1944, when the Soviet army was approaching the camp, the SS cleared the camp and executed the remaining prisoners.

The State Emergency Commission estimated the total death toll at 22,000 people.odpowiedź
Ищу информацию о прадедушке, Попко Иосифе Ивановиче, 1880 года рождения, уроженце д. Перехрестье, Ляховичской гмины, Барановичского повета, Новогрудского воеводства. Прадедушка служил в польской армии, информации о месте, времени службы и звании не имею. После 17 сентября 1939 года, присоединения Западной Беларусь к СССР, помещен в тюрьму д. Колдычево. odpowiedź